Dermatological diseases are complex and are sometimes difficult to diagnose and treat. There are many problems that can arise with the skin. One of the most common causes of skin problems is allergies caused by food, the pet’s environment and/or fleas. Other skin conditions can be caused by underlying health issues including autoimmune and metabolic diseases. Further diagnostics will help pinpoint the health issue that may be causing the skin disease.
What are the causes, symptoms and diagnosis of bacterial skin infections?
Allergies can cause itching and scratching and damage to the normal skin barrier, which can lead to secondary bacterial infection. A bacterial infection can also be secondary to other factors such as trauma, excessive moisture, or skin mites. Signs include itching, redness, bumps or scabs, crusting, or hair loss. We may suspect bacterial infection based on examining your dog, but often, we recommend microscopic examination of a swab or scrape from the skin to confirm the diagnosis.
What are the causes and treatment of allergic skin diseases?
Dogs can be allergic to a number of things in their environment, including pollens, grasses, dust mites, and moulds. Flea allergies are very common in our pets and can be triggered by just a few flea bites. Food allergies to common dietary ingredients (most often a protein such as beef or chicken) are also very prevalent.
There are many treatments for allergic skin disease including topical treatments, prescription diets, shampooing, oral medications, and injections. The best management strategy is different for every owner and pet, so we will work with you one on one to make a treatment plan.